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Application of Textiles in Medical Treatment Practices

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Textile engineering has made an unprecedented progress, especially in the past few decades.

Prototypes of textile pneumatic muscles of Politecnico di Torino
Prototypes of textile pneumatic muscles of Politecnico di Torino

Evidently, it has been implicated in the development of textile based prosthetic muscles that can help in restoring the structure and function of injured parts of the skeletal tissue. It is highly likely that such groundbreaking inventions will soon be implicated on clinical levels. Read More>>>>>>>>>>

Chemical Investigation for Antioxidant Property of Natural Extracts of Cinnamon, Black Pepper and Turmeric Using Singlet Oxygen

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Oxygen is an abundant element in nature with multiple faces. Dioxygen (O2) is the most common and important one, which is a prerequisite for all aerobic cell metabolism. Oxygen is also present in its another form with an unpaired electron; a free radical derivative with its highly unstable and reactive states.

Cinnamon & Black Pepper
Cinnamon & Black Pepper

These reactive forms have been implicated in a wide range of toxic mechanism in biological organisms. When the ground state O2 is exited to a higher energy state, singlet O2 is formed. This form of oxygen is also a harmful species for biological systems. Singlet oxygen can be formed photochemically by energy transfer from an excited photosensitizer. Numerous studies have focused on the use of antioxidants and scavenger enzyme systems.  Read More>>>>>>

Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Coconut (Cocos nucifera) on Aspirin-induced Gastric Ulcer in Albino Rats

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Andre Robert introduced the term ‘cytoprotection’ first time. He used this term for protection of experimentally induced gastric ulcer by prostaglandins. But later on, this term is broadly used for protection of gastric mucosal injury except injuries caused by gastric acid inhibition or neutralization.

Desquamation prevalence in stomach ulcer
Desquamation prevalence in stomach ulcer

Despite intensive research of the last few decades, gastro-protection is incompletely understood, and we are still far away from effectively treating Helicobacter pylori -negative ulcers and preventing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs-caused erosions and ulcers in the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract; hence “gastric cytoprotection” research is still relevant. Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid, is commonly used as an analgesic, antiinflammatory, antipyretic, antiplatelet and antithrombotic drug. Read More>>>>>>>

Sjogren’s Syndrome with Polyserositis, Gastrointestinal Findings and Ascending Aortic Aneurysm

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Sjogren’s syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune disorder and can cause many organic changes. Although disease pathogenesis has not yet been fully elucidated, substantial data has been demonstrated for diagnosis. Over the past 15 years, two sets of criteria have been published.

Bilateral pleural effusion and enlargement of aortic root.
Bilateral pleural effusion and enlargement of aortic root.

New 2016 ACR/EULAR classification criteria for primary Sjogren’s syndrome (SS) have been developed and endorsed by the ACR. Pulmonary involvement in SS include xerotrachea, bronchial sicca, obstructive small airway disease, interstitial lung diseases, lymphproliferative lung disease, pulmonary hypertension, pleurites, pleural effusion, and thickened pleura. Cardiac involvement includes pericarditis, pericardial effusion, and atrioventricular conduction block.  Read More>>>>>>>>

Consented Autopsy-Never-Failing yet Ever Falling

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Autopsy, derived from the Greek ‘autos’ and ‘opsomeri’ means ‘to see for oneself, and originates from mummification using human dissection around 3000BC. Over five millennia it has enabled the study of human anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology culminating in 21st century medicine.

Consented Autopsy
Consented Autopsy

After such a rich and rewarding history, autopsy is on the brink of extinction. During the 1980s, around 30% of adult inpatient deaths in the United Kingdom were followed with consented autopsy, yet by 2013 this figure had fallen to less than 1% . The severity of this decline has led to the extinction of consented autopsy in 25% of hospitals in the UK. Marked declines have been noted around the globe. Read More>>>>>>>>

Green’s Function for the Heat Equation

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The Green’s function is a powerful tool of mathematics method is used in solving some linear non-homogenous PDEs, ODEs. So Green’s functions are derived by the specially development method of separation of variables, which uses the properties of Dirac’s function.

Sturm-Liouville problem
Sturm-Liouville problem

This method was considerable more efficient than the others well known classical methods. The series solution of differential equation yields an infinite series which often converges slowly. Thus it is difficult to obtain an insight into over-all behavior of the solution. The Green’s function approach would allow us to have an integral representation of the solution instead of an infinite series.  Read More>>>>

Mastitis Neonatorum: An Interesting and Uncommon Condition Seen in Infants

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A 21 day old male infant was admitted to NICU with swelling of right breast and fever from last 3 days. Baby had documented fever of 101ºF at the time of admission. Baby was exclusively breast feed with no history of decrease acceptance of feed. Examination showed enlargement of the right breast with erythema, tenderness and having size of 5 × 5cm.

Redness and erythema
Redness and erythema

Contralateral breast was normal with neither being erythematous nor tender. There was oozing of milk from the breast from the last few days. Mother gave a history of squeezing the breast when there was slight swelling of breast with milk discharge. Baby was treated with analgesic (paracetamol drops) and antibiotic (cefotaxime) and was discharged in good condition. Read More>>>>>>>>>